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TOEFL Independent Writing (sample essays 2017-2018)

China 2018-07-01 托福写作 [email protected] writing correction service

 

Topic:

Some people believe that the media (for example: television, radio, newspapers, or Internet news sources) are less concerned nowadays with presenting accurate facts than they were in the past. These people argue that the media today often present incorrect information about news stories and that this causes problems for the public. Do you agree or disagree with this view? Why? Or why not? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

有些人认为现在的媒体(例如:电视、广播、报纸或因特网新闻来源)不像过去那样关心呈现准确的事实。这些人认为,如今的媒体经常提供不正确的新闻报道信息,这给公众带来了问题。你是否同意这种观点?为什么?或者为什么不呢?给出你回答的理由,并从你自己的知识或经验中举出相关的例子。

 

Essay:

The bad news about news nowadays is about fake news, referring to presenting inaccurate facts, the like of which were not seen in the past. Fake news has become one of the biggest problems of our age because of its capacity (especially via the Internet) to influence the public. Why is it happening and how much of a threat is fake news to our society?

现在关于新闻的坏消息是关于假新闻,指的是不准确的事实,这是过去从未见过的。假新闻已经成为我们这个时代最大的问题之一,因为它有影响公众的能力(尤其是通过互联网)。为什么会发生这样的事?对我们的社会来说,有多少威胁是假新闻?

 

Arguably, some people believe that in this age of advanced technology, the media may be less concerned with presenting accurate facts than they were in the past. If nothing else to support this opinion, it should be reminded that there was no such thing as the Internet in the past when fake news was less common. Based on a recent survey, the public’s assessment of the accuracy of news stories is now at its lowest level in just a few decades. Along with traditional news information sources like television, radio and newspapers, today it should come as no surprise that the Internet has spawned a resurgence of fake news. That is why, now more than ever before, lies spread faster and more widely and more deeply than truth does. So much so, false and often novel statements spread like wildfire on social media (for example, Facebook and Twitter), probably because by nature people are quicker to repeat something that is wrong than something that is true. That is to say, the media today often present incorrect information about news stories as people are more likely to share more novel information than true news.

可以说,一些人认为,在这个技术发达的时代,媒体可能不像过去那样关心提供准确的事实。如果没有其他的理由来支持这一观点,那就应该提醒人们,在过去,假新闻不那么常见的时候,根本就没有互联网这种东西。根据最近的一项调查,公众对新闻报道准确性的评估目前处于几十年来的最低水平。与电视、广播和报纸等传统新闻信息源一样,如今互联网催生了虚假新闻的复兴,这一点也不奇怪。正因为如此,如今谎言比以往任何时候都传播得更快、更广泛、更深。如此之多,虚假且经常新颖的言论在社交媒体(比如Facebook和Twitter)上迅速传播开来,这可能是因为,从本质上讲,人们更容易重复错误的内容,而不是真实的内容。也就是说,如今的媒体经?;岜ǖ啦徽返男挛殴适?,因为人们更有可能分享更多的新信息而不是真正的新闻。

 

This phenomenon, which has become increasingly evident, is coming with a serious threat to the public. Although it is true that journalism has never been error-free, today’s fake news is more dangerous for containing a higher percentage of falsehoods. For one thing, when it is no longer clear what is true and what is false, people begin to lose confidence in news stories. In other words, it misleads the reader or viewer, leaving the audience unable to discern what is true and what is fiction. These misconceptions can contribute to a wide variety of social problems for the public. And in turn, this can help convince the audience that there is no difference between facts and opinions. Whereas many people may be able to spot fake news, actually only a few would choose to double check the facts, of which some were purposely misrepresented in the media. In certain aspects, fake news may continue to spread to the point of threatening the public, and this is a problem that is going to get worse because the authorities are notoriously slow to change while technology is developing more rapidly than ever.

这一现象日益明显,给公众带来了严重的威胁。虽然新闻报道从来都不是没有错的,但今天的假新闻由于包含了更多的假新闻而更加危险。首先,当人们不再清楚什么是真的、什么是假的时候,他们就开始对新闻失去信心?;痪浠八?,它误导读者或观众,使观众无法辨别什么是真实,什么是虚构。这些错误的观念可以为公众造成各种各样的社会问题。反过来,这也能让听众相信事实和观点之间没有区别。虽然很多人可以发现假新闻,但实际上只有少数人会选择重复检查事实,其中一些人故意在媒体上歪曲事实。在某些方面,假新闻可能会继续传播到威胁公众的地步,而这一问题将会变得更糟,因为在技术发展比以往任何时候都更快的情况下,当局的变革速度是出了名的缓慢。

 

As a conclusion, what is happening is that there are more and more incorrect facts in news stories presented by the news media, particularly the Internet. Fake news is dangerous due to its capacity to influence the public. For that matter, it may be said that no fake news is good news,

综上所述,新闻媒体尤其是互联网新闻报道中出现了越来越多不正确的事实。假新闻之所以危险,是因为它有影响公众的能力。就此而言,可以说没有假新闻是好消息,